Bending Fundamentals

Provided by: ToolingU

This class describes key factors that affect a bending operation on the press brake and also surveys the common types of forming and bending operations. Includes an Interactive Lab.

Course Objectives:

  • Describe forming
  • Describe the forces that bend a workpiece
  • Describe yield strength
  • Describe tensile strength
  • Describe the basic geometry of a bend
  • Describe springback
  • Describe the significance of grain direction
  • Describe the significance of bend sequence and bend clearance
  • List common types of forming
  • Describe air bending
  • Describe bottom bending
  • List common types of bends
  • List common types of upper die tooling
  • List common types of lower die tooling
  • Describe possible bend defects.

Recommended Background

  • Recommended for tool and die makers and designers, die engineers, sheet metal product designers, sheet metal product release engineers, operators, managers, purchasing, stamping manufacturers, plant managers, and anyone who is a practitioner of formability measurements for formability improvement.

Course ID







Communication, Critical Thinking, Personal Effectiveness, Metal Forming, Bending Operations

Method of Delivery


Estimated Effort

2 hrs



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